How to Become a College Professor in India

Teaching is always considered a reputed and respectful profession in India. Being a college professor can be a great choice in the career field.

Education is a very important part of our life. Doing study is also very important for us. If we want to become successful in our life. Some people have an interest in study and teaching and that’s why they want to make their career in the teaching line. Some people want to become a teacher and some want to become a college professor.

Becoming a College Professor is not easy as we think. You have to do a very hard and smart study for it. You have to clear many exams and interviews in order to become a college professor.

How to Become a College Professor in India

After clearing many exams and interviews, you become eligible to become a college professor. But keep in mind, you do not become direct a college professor. First, you become an Assistant Professor and after having experience of some years in teaching, you promote to a College Professor.

Exam to become an Assistant College Professor

You have to pass the UGC NET Exam to become an Assistant professor. This exam is conducted by (NTA) National Testing Agency.

Full form of UGC NET and NTA

UGC NET – University Grants commission National Eligibility Test.

NTA – National Testing Agency

When you clear this exam then you become eligible to apply to universities for the post of Assistant professor.

Qualification to become a College Professor

The candidate must have a Bachelor’s degree with a minimum of 50% marks. After clearing Graduation, Candidates have to complete PG – Post Graduation with a minimum of 55% marks.

After completing Graduation and Post Graduation, Candidates have to complete a Ph.D. Graduation, Post Graduation, and Ph.D. you will complete in that subject, of which subject you want to become a College Professor.

Age Limit for UGC NET Exam

There is no age limit in the UGC NET Exam for the post of Assistant college professor in India. The candidate’s age should be from 21 to 28 years for (JRF) Junior Research Fellowship. The candidate should not be more than 30 years of age for JRF.

There is relaxation of 5 years in JRF for SC/ST/OBC candidates.

Read Also : How to become a RAW Agent after 12th in India

UGC NET Exam Pattern

In the UGC NET exam you have clear mainly 2 Papers.

Paper 1Paper 2
Common QuestionsSpecific Questions (of which subject you
want to become a professor)
Total 50 QuestionsTotal 100 Questions
Each Question of 2 marksEach Question of 2 Marks
MCQ QuestionsMCQ Questions
Language in English/HindiLanguage in English/Hindi
The total duration is 3 hoursThe total duration is 3 hours.

The mode of this exam is Online mode. You have to give this exam in online mode. It is National Level Exam the UGC NET.

UGC NET Exam Fees

The UGC NET Exam fees is –

GeneralRs. 1000
OBCRs. 500
SC/STRs. 250

If you are not able to crack the UGC NET exam. So, don’t worry! Still, you can become a College professor. You can give the (SLET) State level eligibility Exam.

SLET – State Level Eligibility Test Exam

Do you know? You can become a college professor without giving the UGC NET Exam. You can give the SLET Exam and make your dream true.

It is state level exam and after clearing this exam, you can apply in that state for the post of Assistant professor.


So, this is the full process of becoming a College Professor in India. If you want to become a professor, you can follow this process and make your dream true.

What you need to do is, first pass your class 12th with a minimum of 50% marks. After clearing class 12th, Complete your Graduation with a minimum of 50% marks. When you complete your Graduation, Apply for the PG – Post Graduation and complete with a minimum of 55% marks.

After completing class 12th, Graduation, and Post graduation. You have to complete your Ph.D. and After completing these degrees you become eligible for the UGC NET Exam.

When you clear the UGC Net Exam too then you can apply to any university for the post of Assistant Professor.

Salary of College Professor

The salary of an Assistant professor in the starting is lies between INR 30,000 to INR 50,000 per month. After getting experience of some years in teaching and you promote to a college professor then your salary increased up to INR 1 Lakh per month.

After becoming a College professor your salary lies between INR 50,000 to INR 1 Lakh per month. So you can enjoy a high salary package in this profession.

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